PSY 104: Child and Adolescent Development

Week 5 - Instructor Guidance


This figure comes from Fraley's work on Adult Attachment.

You can see that the two factors that are looked at include "attachment-related AVOIDANCE" and "attachment-related ANXIETY"

Consider this model in light of interpersonal relationships in your own life? Have you or other shown an attachment style that was constructive or destructive to the relationship?

Learning Outcomes

This week students will:

  • Explore child and adult attachment theories.
  • Examine your own unique attachment style through reflective writing.
  • Examine the role of environmental context in bullying behaviors
  • Identify causes and effects of bullying in childhood and adolescence.
  • Demonstrate learning acquisition of theory and research in child development through practical application of that information in the Final Project.


In this section you will find my own thoughts and teaching on the subject matter. This does not substitute for the assigned and suggested course readings and other materials.


Attachment and Bonding are two critical aspects of early childhood development that have the potential to shape our entire lives.


Here is a video about the work of John Bowlby and Attachment
Click HERE to view it directly on YouTube

Adult Attachment

Work on adult attachment has focused on developing measures that are relevant to the adult population and the variety of different relationships they engage in. The survey linked below is a version of Fraley, Waller, and Brennan's "The Experience in Close Relationships" test.

This test focuses on two dimensions of attachment in adults: "attachment-related anxiety" and "attachment-related avoidance".

Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An item-response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 350-365.

A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research by R. Chris Fraley


The following information can be found on

Bullying is defined as:

"unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose."

The StopBullying website has many resources on bullying including information related to:

  • Defining bullying and the role that kids play
  • Defining cyber bullying
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention and Responses to bullying


In this section you will find any specific instructions or ideas I may have for you to support your graded work. Please read the instructions for each task in the course as well as the information I have here.

Discussion - Attachment Styles

In this discussion you are telling personal stories. This can be a little scary. Attachment is a big issue, particularly if you have come from a less-than-perfect background!

What is interesting to discover is the link (or the LACK of a link) between early childhood experiences (Bowlby's Attachment Styles) and Adult Attachment Styles (as measured by the online HERE to access that same survey!)

Freud's great contribution to Psychology was that "early experiences are important" and in some ways, formative to who we become as adults. But not always! Sometimes we struggle with attachment as adults even if we have had a good experience early in life, and yet, some with horrible attachment (abusive and neglectful) backgrounds have been able to enjoy intimacy later in life.

Humans are amazing!

Discussion - Bullying

This is an interesting take on bullying...

Parental behaviors and environmental factors are very much associated with the rise of bullying behavior...this really points us in the direction that bullying is not a "pathology" that bullies have, but it is supported by their environment.

Being of small stature all my life, I was bullied...not relentlessly, but none-the-less, I have lots of memories of being pushed around, tripped, stuffed into lockers, etc. At the time it would have been difficult to not see this as some sort of sadistic pathological obsession by those who tormented me...but in retrospect, these individuals were clearly within environments that supported this behavior.

The magic of this is that this allows us to address it! We are challenged to fix pathology, but we can change environments!

Final Project - Recreation and Family Center Proposal

Be sure to review the comments I have left on your Week 3 Assignments. Also, keep in mind that this presentation is a proposal to get funding and support for the development of a Family Center. Your final product needs to VERY PROFESSIONAL...this means that you may have to do the recording more than once to get it good!

Make sure that you include TWO things in your submission...your PROPOSAL (sent to me as an attached document) and a LINK to your presentation.

Make sure you check your work...make sure the file you send is MS Word or PDF...make sure the link you send actually brings me to the presentation.

Presentation Notes:

  • Make sure your graphics are professional
  • Keep your fonts consistent
  • Support your message with images...your slides don't tell the story, your words do
  • Keep it are trying to convince people to give you money